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|Posted on November 8, 2012 at 7:00 PM|
President Obama has been elected again to be the U.S. president. The campaign was long and expensive. Basically, for two years, we listened to all the people who wanted to be president. Mitt Romney was chosen by the Republicans to run against the president. At the end, the polls showed 49 percent support for each candidate. But a little over 2 million more people voted for Obama. The popular vote doesn't always choose the president. In 2000, more people voted for Al Gore than voted for George Bush. But becoming president in the United States is a funny, complicated game. You have to learn the rules of this "game" to learn how to win. We have something called the Electoral College.
THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE isn't a college. These are people who represent their state. They meet in January to choose the president. The number of electoral votes each state has is based on its population. All the representatives will vote for the candidate who won the popular vote in their state. To win the election, the candidate must receive 270 electoral votes. Obama got more than 300. We still don't know the exact number.
RED STATES AND BLUE STATES. On election night, on TV, we see a map of the United States. Some states are red, representing a state that has chosen the Republican candidate; and some states are blue, representing the Democratic candidate (Obama is a Democrat). It is fascinating to see that all the states in the center of the country are red and the states on the coasts are blue. But the states along the coasts have more people, so they have more electoral votes. In 2000 the last state to report their choice was Florida. But the vote was almost equal for both candidates, and they had to count and recount some of the votes to be sure. No candidate had 270 electoral votes until Florida decided. This year, Obama and Romney spent a total of 135 million dollars to persuade the voters of Florida. Obama won 49.86 percent of the vote in Florida and Romney won 49.29 percent!
There are 4 million more Hispanic voters now than in 2008. 71 percent of the hispanic voters voted for Barack Obama.
California is a blue state. The majority of the people of California usually choose the Democratic candidate. Of course, we also voted for a state senator and representatives for the House of Representatives. We also voted for some state officials and we approved or rejected eleven "propositions" that would change California law. We voted to increase taxes to pay for our schools. We are all glad the election is over. A lot of television time was used to try to persuade us to Vote YES or Vote NO. Our mailboxes were full every day with similar material.
Categories: Life in the USA